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Tag Archives: IP Routing Technologies

24 Mar

200-120 CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate Exam

Cisco Certified Network Associate Exam is the full name of 200-120 CCNA test. The Associated Certifications is CCNA Routing and Switching. There are 50-60 questions in real Cisco 200-120 CCNA exam, which will take the candidates 90 minutes to complete the test. The available languages are English and Japanese. Candidates can register Cisco 200-120 CCNA exam at Pearson VUE testing center.

The 200-120 CCNA is the composite exam associated with the Cisco CCNA Routing and Switching certification. Cisco 200-120 CCNA exam tests a candidate’s knowledge and skills required to install, operate, and troubleshoot a small to medium size enterprise branch network.

Cisco 200-120 CCNA Free Online Test

Cisco 200-120 CCNA exam topics are helpful in your preparation. Below are the details from the offical website.

5% 1.0 Operation of IP Data Networks

1.1 Recognize the purpose and functions of various network devices such as Routers, Switches, Bridges and Hubs
1.2 Select the components required to meet a given network specification
1.3 Identify common applications and their impact on the network
1.4 Describe the purpose and basic operation of the protocols in the OSI and TCP/IP models
1.5 Predict the data flow between two hosts across a network
1.6 Identify the appropriate media, cables, ports, and connectors to connect Cisco network devices to other network devices and hosts in a LAN

20% 2.0 LAN Switching Technologies

2.1 Determine the technology and media access control method for Ethernet networks
2.2 Identify basic switching concepts and the operation of Cisco switches.
2.2.a Collision Domains
2.2.b Broadcast Domains
2.2.c Ways to switch
2.2.c (i) Store
2.2.c (ii) Forward
2.2.c (iii) Cut through
2.2.c (iv) CAM table
2.3 Configure and verify initial switch configuration including remote access management
2.3.a hostname
2.3.b Managment IP address
2.3.c IP default-gateway
2.3.d Local user and password
2.3.e Enable secret password
2.3.f Console and VTY logins
2.3.g exec-timeout
2.3.h Service password encryption
2.3.i copy run start
2.4 Verify network status and switch operation using basic utilities
2.4.a ping
2.4.b telnet
2.4.c SSH
2.5 Describe how VLANs create logically separate networks and the need for routing between them
2.5.a Explain network segmentation and basic traffic management concepts
2.6 Configure and verify VLANs
2.7 Configure and verify trunking on Cisco switches
2.7.a DTP (topic)
2.7.b Auto-negotiation
2.8 Identify enhanced switching technologies
2.8.a RSTP
2.8.b PVSTP
2.8.c EtherChannels
2.9 Configure and verify PVSTP operation
2.9.a Describe root bridge election
2.9.b Spanning tree mode

5% 3.0 IP addressing (IPv4/IPv6)

3.1 Describe the operation and necessity of using private and public IP addresses for IPv4 addressing
3.2 Identify the appropriate IPv6 addressing scheme to satisfy addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN environment
3.3 Identify the appropriate IPv4 addressing scheme using VLSM and summarization to satisfy addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN LAN/WAN environment
3.4 Describe the technological requirements for running IPv6 in conjunction with IPv4
3.4.a Dual stack
3.5 Describe IPv6 addresses
3.5.a Global unicast
3.5.b Multicast
3.5.c Link local
3.5.d Unique local
3.5.e EUI 64
3.5.f Auto-configuration

20% 4.0 IP Routing Technologies

4.1 Describe basic routing concepts
4.1.a Packet forwarding
4.1.b Router lookup process
4.1.c Process Switching/Fast Switching/CEF
4.2 Configure and verify utilizing the CLI to set basic router configuration
4.2.a Hostname
4.2.b Local user and password
4.2.c Enable secret password
4.2.d Console and VTY logins
4.2.e exec-timeout
4.2.f Service password encryption
4.2.g Interface IP Address
4.2.g (i) loopback
4.2.h banner
4.2.i MOTD
4.2.j copy run start
4.3 Configure and verify operation status of a device interface
4.3.a Serial
4.3.b Ethernet
4.4 Verify router configuration and network connectivity using
4.4.a ping
4.4.a (i) Extended ping
4.4.b traceroute
4.4.c telnet
4.4.d SSH
4.4.e Show cdp neighbors
4.5 Configure and verify routing configuration for a static or default route given specific routing requirements
4.6 Differentiate methods of routing and routing protocols
4.6.a Static vs. dynamic
4.6.b Link state vs. distance vector
4.6.c next hop
4.6.d IP routing table
4.6.e Passive Interfaces (how they work)
4.6.f Administrative distance
4.6.g split horizon
4.6.h metric
4.7 Configure and verify OSPF
4.7.a Benefit of single area
4.7.b Configure OSPv2
4.7.c Configure OSPv3
4.7.d Router ID
4.7.e Passive Interface
4.7.f Discuss multi-area OSPF
4.7.g Understand LSA types and purpose
4.8 Configure and verify interVLAN routing (Router on a stick)
4.8.a Sub interfaces
4.8.b Upstream routing
4.8.c Encapsulation
4.9 Configure SVI interfaces
4.10 Manage Cisco IOS Files
4.10.a Boot Preferences
4.10.b Cisco IOS Images (15)
4.10.c Licensing
4.10.c (i) Show license
4.10.c (ii) Change license
4.11 Configure and verify EIGRP (single AS)
4.11.a Feasible Distance/Feasible Successors/Administrative distance
4.11.b Feasibility condition
4.11.c Metric composition
4.11.d Router ID
4.11.e Auto summary
4.11.f Path Selection
4.11.g Load Balancing
4.11.g (i) Unequal
4.11.g (ii) Equal

10% 5.0 IP Services

5.1 Configure and verify DHCP (IOS Router)
5.1.a Configuring router interfaces to use DHCP
5.1.b DHCP options (Basic overview and functionality)
5.1.c Excluded addresses
5.1.d Lease time
5.2 Describe the types, features, and applications of ACLs
5.2.a Standard (editing and sequence numbers)
5.2.b Extended
5.2.c Named
5.2.d Numbered
5.2.e Log option
5.3 Configure and verify ACLs in a network environment
5.3.a Named
5.3.b Numbered
5.3.c Log option
5.4 Identify the basic operation of NAT
5.4.a Purpose
5.4.b Pool
5.4.c Static
5.4.d 1 to 1
5.4.e Overloading
5.4.f Source addressing
5.4.g One-way NAT
5.5 Configure and verify NAT for given network requirements
5.6 Configure and verify NTP as a client
5.7 Recognize High availability (FHRP)
5.7.a VRRP
5.7.b HSRP
5.7.c GLBP
5.8 Configure and verify syslog
5.8.a Utilize syslog output
5.9 Describe SNMP v2 and v3

10% 6.0 Network Device Security

6.1 Configure and verify network device security features
6.1.a Device password security
6.1.b Enable secret vs enable
6.1.c Transport
6.1.c (i) Disable telnet
6.1.c (ii) SSH
6.1.d VTYs
6.1.e Physical security
6.1.f Service password
6.1.g Describe external authentication methods
6.2 Configure and verify switch port security
6.2.a Sticky MAC
6.2.b MAC address limitation
6.2.c Static/dynamic
6.2.d Violation modes
6.2.d (i) errDisable
6.2.d (ii) shutdown
6.2.d (iii) protect restrict
6.2.e Shutdown unused ports
6.2.f errDisable recovery
6.2.g Assign unused ports to an unused VLAN
6.2.h Putting native VLAN to other than VLAN 1
6.3 Configure and verify ACLs to filter network traffic
6.4 Configure and verify an ACLs to limit telnet and SSH access to the router

20% 7.0 Troubleshooting

7.1 Troubleshoot and correct common problems associated with IP addressing and host configurations
7.2 Troubleshoot and resolve VLAN problems
7.2.a Identify that VLANs are configured
7.2.b Verify port membership correct
7.2.c Correct IP address is configured
7.3 Troubleshoot and resolve trunking problems on Cisco switches
7.3.a Verify correct trunk states
7.3.b Verify correct encapsulation id configured
7.3.c Correct VLANs allowed
7.4 Troubleshoot and resolve ACL issues
7.4.a Verify statistics
7.4.b Verify permitted networks
7.4.c Verify direction
7.4.c (i) Interface
7.5 Troubleshoot and resolve Layer 1 problems
7.5.a Framing
7.5.b CRC
7.5.c Runts
7.5.d Giants
7.5.e Dropped packets
7.5.f Late collisions
7.5.g Input/output errors
7.6 Identify and correct common network problems
7.7 Troubleshoot and resolve spanning tree operation issues
7.7.a Verify root switch
7.7.b Verify priority
7.7.c Verify mode is correct
7.7.d Verify port states
7.8 Troubleshoot and resolve routing issues
7.8.a Verify routing is enabled (SHIP protocols)
7.8.b Verify routing table is correct
7.8.c Verify correct path selection
7.9 Troubleshoot and resolve OSPF problems
7.9.a Verify neighbor adjacencies
7.9.b Verify hello and dead timers
7.9.c Verify OSPF area
7.9.d Verify interface MTU
7.9.e Verify network types
7.9.f Verify neighbor states
7.9.g Review OSPF topology table
7.10 Troubleshoot and resolve EIGRP problems
7.10.a Verify neighbor adjacencies
7.10.b Verify AS number
7.10.c Verify load balancing
7.10.d Split horizon
7.11 Troubleshoot and resolve interVLAN routing problems
7.11.a Verify connectivity
7.11.b Verify encapsulation
7.11.c Verify subnet
7.11.d Verify native VLAN
7.11.e Port mode trunk status
7.12 Troubleshoot and resolve WAN implementation issues
7.12.a Serial interfaces
7.12.b Frame relay
7.12.c PPP
7.13 Monitor NetFlow statistics
7.14 Troubleshoot EtherChannel problems

10% 8.0 WAN Technologies

8.1 Identify different WAN Technologies
8.1.a Metro Ethernet
8.1.b VSAT
8.1.c Cellular 3G/4G
8.1.d MPLS
8.1.e T1/E1
8.1.f ISDN
8.1.g DSL
8.1.h Frame relay
8.1.i Cable
8.1.j VPN
8.2 Configure and verify a basic WAN serial connection
8.3 Configure and verify a PPP connection between Cisco routers
8.4 Configure and verify frame relay on Cisco routers
8.5 Implement and troubleshoot PPPoE


22 Dec

200-101 ICND2 Online Test-Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 2 (ICND2)

Currently, our 200-101 ICND2 online test only provide 20 questions. Answer one question correctly, you can get 5 points. The content of these questions are the latest exam content. Please feel free to test your skill level.

If you have some opinions or suggestions about our online test, please leave your message, we will improve it step by step.

Now, begin to test:

Which three statements are typical characteristics of VLAN arrangements? (Choose three.)


The output of the show frame-relay pvc command shows “PVC STATUS = INACTIVE”. What does this mean?


Which term describes a spanning-tree network that has all switch ports in either the blocking or fowarding state?


What command is used to verify the DLCI destination address in a Frame Relay static configuration?


What is the advantage of using a multipoint interface instead of point-to-point subinterfaces when configuring a Frame Relay hub in a hub-and-spoke topology?


Which two statistics appear in show frame-relay map output? (Choose two.)


Which protocol is an open standard protocol framework that is commonly used in VPNs, to provide secure end-to-end communications?


At which layer of the OSI model does PPP perform?


The command show frame-relay map gives the following output:
Serial 0 (up): ip dlci 122, dynamic, broadcast, status defined, active
Which statements represent what is shown?(Choose three.)


What can be done to Frame Relay to resolve split-horizon issues?(Choose two.)


What are three reasons that an organization with multiple branch offices and roaming users might implement a Cisco VPN solution instead of point-to-point WAN links? (Choose three.)


Which command is used to enable CHAP authentication, with PAP as the fallback method, on a serial interface?


What is the result of issuing the frame-relay map ip 202 broadcast command?


Which Layer 2 protocol encapsulation type supports synchronous and asynchronous circuits and has built-in security mechanisms?


Which encapsulation type is a Frame Relay encapsulation type that is supported by Cisco routers?


The internetwork infrastructure of company XYZ consists of a single OSPF area as shown in the graphic. There is concern that a lack of router resources is impeding internetwork performance. As part of examining the router resources, the OSPF DRs need to be known. All the router OSPF priorities are at the default and the router IDs are shown with each router. Which routers are likely to have been elected as DR? (Choose two.)


A network administrator needs to configure a serial link between the main office and a remote location. The router at the remote office is a non-Cisco router. How should the network administrator configure the serial interface of the main office router to make the connection?


Which PPP subprotocol negotiates authentication options?


Which two statements describe the process identifier that is used in the command to configure OSPF on a router? (Choose two.)
Router(config)# router ospf 1


Which three of these statements regarding 802.1Q trunking are correct? (Choose three.)


Question 1 of 20



20 Dec

200-120 CCNA Online Test-Cisco Certified Network Associate Exam

Currently, our 200-120 CCNA online test only provide 20 questions. Answer one question correctly, you can get 5 points. The content of these questions are the latest exam content. Please feel free to test your skill level.

If you have some opinions or suggestions about our online test, please leave your message, we will improve it step by step.

Now, begin to test:

Please go to 200-120 CCNA Online Test-Cisco Certified Network Associate Exam to view the test



16 Dec

100-101 ICND1 Online Test-CCNA Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices 1 (ICND1)

Currently, our 100-101 ICND1 online test only provide 20 questions. Answer one question correctly, you can get 5 points. The content of these questions are the latest exam content. Please feel free to test your skill level.

If you have some opinions or suggestions about our online test, please leave your message, we will improve it step by step.

Now, begin to test:

Please go to 100-101 ICND1 Online Test-CCNA Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices 1 (ICND1) to view the test



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