Note:

  • The new CCNP Data Center certification required exams are 300-180 DCIT, 300-165 DCII, 300-160 DCID, 300-175 DCUCI and 300-170 DCVAI exams.
  • The last day to test Cisco 810-403 OUTCOMES exam is December 29, 2017.
  • The last day to test Cisco 820-424 BTASBVA exam is December 29, 2017.

Category Archives: CCNA Cyber Ops

08 May

210-255 SECOPS Implementing Cisco Cybersecurity Operations

The full name of 210-255 SECOPS exam is Implementing Cisco Cybersecurity Operations. There are 55-60 questions in real Cisco 210-255 SECOPS exam, which will take the candidates 90 minutes to complete the test. The available language is English. The Associated Certifications is CCNA Cyber Ops. Candidates can register Cisco 210-255 SECOPS exam at Pearson VUE testing center.

It is also valuable for the candidates to know Cisco 210-255 SECOPS exam topics.

1.0 Endpoint Threat Analysis and Computer Forensics 15%

1.1 Interpret the output report of a malware analysis tool such as AMP Threat Grid and Cuckoo Sandbox
1.2 Describe these terms as they are defined in the CVSS 3.0:
1.2.a Attack vector
1.2.b Attack complexity
1.2.c Privileges required
1.2.d User interaction
1.2.e Scope
1.3 Describe these terms as they are defined in the CVSS 3.0
1.3.a Confidentiality
1.3.b Integrity
1.3.c Availability
1.4 Define these items as they pertain to the Microsoft Windows file system
1.4.a FAT32
1.4.b NTFS
1.4.c Alternative data streams
1.4.d MACE
1.4.e EFI
1.4.f Free space
1.4.g Timestamps on a file system
1.5 Define these terms as they pertain to the Linux file system
1.5.a EXT4
1.5.b Journaling
1.5.c MBR
1.5.d Swap file system
1.5.e MAC
1.6 Compare and contrast three types of evidence
1.6.a Best evidence
1.6.b Corroborative evidence
1.6.c Indirect evidence
1.7 Compare and contrast two types of image
1.7.a Altered disk image
1.7.b Unaltered disk image
1.8 Describe the role of attribution in an investigation
1.8.a Assets
1.8.b Threat actor

2.0 Network Intrusion Analysis 22%

2.1 Interpret basic regular expressions
2.2 Describe the fields in these protocol headers as they relate to intrusion analysis:
2.2.a Ethernet frame
2.2.b IPv4
2.2.c IPv6
2.2.d TCP
2.2.e UDP
2.2.f ICMP
2.2.g HTTP
2.3 Identify the elements from a NetFlow v5 record from a security event
2.4 Identify these key elements in an intrusion from a given PCAP file
2.4.a Source address
2.4.b Destination address
2.4.c Source port
2.4.d Destination port
2.4.e Protocols
2.4.f Payloads
2.5 Extract files from a TCP stream when given a PCAP file and Wireshark
2.6 Interpret common artifact elements from an event to identify an alert
2.6.a IP address (source / destination)
2.6.b Client and Server Port Identity
2.6.c Process (file or registry)
2.6.d System (API calls)
2.6.e Hashes
2.6.f URI / URL
2.7 Map the provided events to these source technologies
2.7.a NetFlow
2.7.b IDS / IPS
2.7.c Firewall
2.7.d Network application control
2.7.e Proxy logs
2.7.f Antivirus
2.8 Compare and contrast impact and no impact for these items
2.8.a False Positive
2.8.b False Negative
2.8.c True Positive
2.8.d True Negative
2.9 Interpret a provided intrusion event and host profile to calculate the impact flag generated by Firepower Management Center (FMC)

3.0 Incident Response 18%

3.1 Describe the elements that should be included in an incident response plan as stated in NIST.SP800-61 r2
3.2 Map elements to these steps of analysis based on the NIST.SP800-61 r2
3.2.a Preparation
3.2.b Detection and analysis
3.2.c Containment, eradication, and recovery
3.2.d Post-incident analysis (lessons learned)
3.3 Map the organization stakeholders against the NIST IR categories (C2M2, NIST.SP800-61 r2)
3.3.a Preparation
3.3.b Detection and analysis
3.3.c Containment, eradication, and recovery
3.3.d Post-incident analysis (lessons learned)
3.4 Describe the goals of the given CSIRT
3.4.a Internal CSIRT
3.4.b National CSIRT
3.4.c Coordination centers
3.4.d Analysis centers
3.4.e Vendor teams
3.4.f Incident response providers (MSSP)
3.5 Identify these elements used for network profiling
3.5.a Total throughput
3.5.b Session duration
3.5.c Ports used
3.5.d Critical asset address space
3.6 Identify these elements used for server profiling
3.6.a Listening ports
3.6.b Logged in users/service accounts
3.6.c Running processes
3.6.d Running tasks
3.6.e Applications
3.7 Map data types to these compliance frameworks
3.7.a PCI
3.7.b HIPPA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act)
3.7.c SOX
3.8 Identify data elements that must be protected with regards to a specific standard (PCI-DSS)

4.0 Data and Event Analysis 23%

4.1 Describe the process of data normalization
4.2 Interpret common data values into a universal format
4.3 Describe 5-tuple correlation
4.4 Describe the 5-tuple approach to isolate a compromised host in a grouped set of logs
4.5 Describe the retrospective analysis method to find a malicious file, provided file analysis report
4.6 Identify potentially compromised hosts within the network based on a threat analysis report containing malicious IP address or domains
4.7 Map DNS logs and HTTP logs together to find a threat actor
4.8 Map DNS, HTTP, and threat intelligence data together
4.9 Identify a correlation rule to distinguish the most significant alert from a given set of events from multiple data sources using the firepower management console
4.10 Compare and contrast deterministic and probabilistic analysis

5.0 Incident Handling 22%

5.1 Classify intrusion events into these categories as defined in the diamond model of intrusion
5.1.a Reconnaissance
5.1.b Weaponization
5.1.c Delivery
5.1.d Exploitation
5.1.e Installation
5.1.f Command and control
5.1.g Action on objectives
5.2 Apply the NIST.SP800-61 r2 incident handling process to an event
5.3 Define these activities as they relate to incident handling
5.3.a Identification
5.3.b Scoping
5.3.c Containment
5.3.d Remediation
5.3.e Lesson-based hardening
5.3.f Reporting
5.4 Describe these concepts as they are documented in NIST SP800-86
5.4.a Evidence collection order
5.4.b Data integrity
5.4.c Data preservation
5.4.d Volatile data collection
5.5 Apply the VERIS schema categories to a given incident

08 May

210-250 SECFND Understanding Cisco Cybersecurity Fundamentals

Understanding Cisco Cybersecurity Fundamentals is the full name of 210-250 SECFND test. There are 55-60 questions in real Cisco 210-250 SECFND exam, which will take the candidates 90 minutes to complete the 210-250 SECFND test. The Associated Certifications is CCNA Cyber Ops. The available language is English. Candidates can register Cisco 210-250 SECFND exam at Pearson VUE testing center.

It is useful for the candidates to know Cisco 210-250 SECFND exam topics.

1.0 Network Concepts 12%

1.1 Describe the function of the network layers as specified by the OSI and the TCP/IP network models
1.2 Describe the operation of the following
1.2.a IP
1.2.b TCP
1.2.c UDP
1.2.d ICMP
1.3 Describe the operation of these network services
1.3.a ARP
1.3.b DNS
1.3.c DHCP
1.4 Describe the basic operation of these network device types
1.4.a Router
1.4.b Switch
1.4.c Hub
1.4.d Bridge
1.4.e Wireless access point (WAP)
1.4.f Wireless LAN controller (WLC)
1.5 Describe the functions of these network security systems as deployed on the host, network, or the cloud:
1.5.a Firewall
1.5.b Cisco Intrusion Prevention System (IPS)
1.5.c Cisco Advanced Malware Protection (AMP)
1.5.d Web Security Appliance (WSA) / Cisco Cloud Web Security (CWS)
1.5.e Email Security Appliance (ESA) / Cisco Cloud Email Security (CES)
1.6 Describe IP subnets and communication within an IP subnet and between IP subnets
1.7 Describe the relationship between VLANs and data visibility
1.8 Describe the operation of ACLs applied as packet filters on the interfaces of network devices
1.9 Compare and contrast deep packet inspection with packet filtering and stateful firewall operation
1.10 Compare and contrast inline traffic interrogation and taps or traffic mirroring
1.11 Compare and contrast the characteristics of data obtained from taps or traffic mirroring and NetFlow in the analysis of network traffic
1.12 Identify potential data loss from provided traffic profiles

2.0 Security Concepts 17%

2.1 Describe the principles of the defense in depth strategy
2.2 Compare and contrast these concepts
2.2.a Risk
2.2.b Threat
2.2.c Vulnerability
2.2.d Exploit
2.3 Describe these terms
2.3.a Threat actor
2.3.b Run book automation (RBA)
2.3.c Chain of custody (evidentiary)
2.3.d Reverse engineering
2.3.e Sliding window anomaly detection
2.3.f PII
2.3.g PHI
2.4 Describe these security terms
2.4.a Principle of least privilege
2.4.b Risk scoring/risk weighting
2.4.c Risk reduction
2.4.d Risk assessment
2.5 Compare and contrast these access control models
2.5.a Discretionary access control
2.5.b Mandatory access control
2.5.c Nondiscretionary access control
2.6 Compare and contrast these terms
2.6.a Network and host antivirus
2.6.b Agentless and agent-based protections
2.6.c SIEM and log collection
2.7 Describe these concepts
2.7.a Asset management
2.7.b Configuration management
2.7.c Mobile device management
2.7.d Patch management
2.7.e Vulnerability management

3.0 Cryptography 12%

3.1 Describe the uses of a hash algorithm
3.2 Describe the uses of encryption algorithms
3.3 Compare and contrast symmetric and asymmetric encryption algorithms
3.4 Describe the processes of digital signature creation and verification
3.5 Describe the operation of a PKI
3.6 Describe the security impact of these commonly used hash algorithms
3.6.a MD5
3.6.b SHA-1
3.6.c SHA-256
3.6.d SHA-512
3.7 Describe the security impact of these commonly used encryption algorithms and secure communications protocols
3.7.a DES
3.7.b 3DES
3.7.c AES
3.7.d AES256-CTR
3.7.e RSA
3.7.f DSA
3.7.g SSH
3.7.h SSL/TLS
3.8 Describe how the success or failure of a cryptographic exchange impacts security investigation
3.9 Describe these items in regards to SSL/TLS
3.9.a Cipher-suite
3.9.b X.509 certificates
3.9.c Key exchange
3.9.d Protocol version
3.9.e PKCS

4.0 Host-Based Analysis 19%

4.1 Define these terms as they pertain to Microsoft Windows
4.1.a Processes
4.1.b Threads
4.1.c Memory allocation
4.1.d Windows Registry
4.1.e WMI
4.1.f Handles
4.1.g Services
4.2 Define these terms as they pertain to Linux
4.2.a Processes
4.2.b Forks
4.2.c Permissions
4.2.d Symlinks
4.2.e Daemon
4.3 Describe the functionality of these endpoint technologies in regards to security monitoring
4.3.a Host-based intrusion detection
4.3.b Antimalware and antivirus
4.3.c Host-based firewall
4.3.d Application-level whitelisting/blacklisting
4.3.e Systems-based sandboxing (such as Chrome, Java, Adobe reader)
4.4 Interpret these operating system log data to identify an event
4.4.a Windows security event logs
4.4.b Unix-based syslog
4.4.c Apache access logs
4.4.d IIS access logs

5.0 Security Monitoring 19%

5.1 Identify the types of data provided by these technologies
5.1.a TCP Dump
5.1.b NetFlow
5.1.c Next-Gen firewall
5.1.d Traditional stateful firewall
5.1.e Application visibility and control
5.1.f Web content filtering
5.1.g Email content filtering
5.2 Describe these types of data used in security monitoring
5.2.a Full packet capture
5.2.b Session data
5.2.c Transaction data
5.2.d Statistical data
5.2.f Extracted content
5.2.g Alert data
5.3 Describe these concepts as they relate to security monitoring
5.3.a Access control list
5.3.b NAT/PAT
5.3.c Tunneling
5.3.d TOR
5.3.e Encryption
5.3.f P2P
5.3.g Encapsulation
5.3.h Load balancing
5.4 Describe these NextGen IPS event types
5.4.a Connection event
5.4.b Intrusion event
5.4.c Host or endpoint event
5.4.d Network discovery event
5.4.e NetFlow event
5.5 Describe the function of these protocols in the context of security monitoring
5.5.a DNS
5.5.b NTP
5.5.c SMTP/POP/IMAP
5.5.d HTTP/HTTPS

6.0 Attack Methods 21%

6.1 Compare and contrast an attack surface and vulnerability
6.2 Describe these network attacks
6.2.a Denial of service
6.2.b Distributed denial of service
6.2.c Man-in-the-middle
6.3 Describe these web application attacks
6.3.a SQL injection
6.3.b Command injections
6.3.c Cross-site scripting
6.4 Describe these attacks
6.4.a Social engineering
6.4.b Phishing
6.4.c Evasion methods
6.5 Describe these endpoint-based attacks
6.5.a Buffer overflows
6.5.b Command and control (C2)
6.5.c Malware
6.5.d Rootkit
6.5.e Port scanning
6.5.f Host profiling
6.6 Describe these evasion methods
6.6.a Encryption and tunneling
6.6.b Resource exhaustion
6.6.c Traffic fragmentation
6.6.d Protocol-level misinterpretation
6.6.e Traffic substitution and insertion
6.6.f Pivot
6.7 Define privilege escalation
6.8 Compare and contrast remote exploit and a local exploit


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